|Differences||Special Ceramic Materials||Traditional Ceramic Materials|
|Raw Materials||Synthetic "selected highly quality raw materials" (oxides and non-oxides).||
Natural minerals,such as clay,
|Shaping process||Pressing, hot pressure casting, injection, film rolling, isostatic pressing.||Grouting,mostly plastic molding|
Advanced methods such as vacuum sintering, protective atmosphere sintering,
hot pressing and hot isostatic pressing are widely used in the temperature range of 1200 ~ 2200 ℃
. Mainly fueled by electricity, oil and gas.
Generally below 1350 ℃,
Mainly fueled by coal, oil and gas.
Emphasis on inner quality, it has excellent physical and chemical properties, high-strength
, high-hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, high temperature resistance,
thermal shock resistance,and excellent performance in heat, light, sound, electricity,
magnetism, chemistry, biology, etc.
|Emphasis on outward appearance|
|Additional processing||Generally, additional processing (cutting, drilling, grinding and polishing) is required.||
Has wide range of valuable uses in petroleum, chemical, steel, electronics, textile and automobile industries.
Also used in advanced technology industries, such as aerospace, nuclear and military.
tableware and handicrafts.